The Development Track Of Chinese Electric Bicycles

- Jul 22, 2019-

If I asked you, when was the first electric bicycle in the world invented? Many people should not know, or even know which country was invented. It doesn't matter, you will know after reading it, and even when Chinese first electric bike came out, you will know. Since it is an electric bicycle, we must first know when the motor was invented. The world's first motor, invented by Faraday in the 1930s. Since then, people have been trying install it on a bicycle or in a car. The best recognized electric vehicle inventor is from France. In 1881, France's Gustave Trouvé successfully transformed an electric tricycle and it was exhibited in Paris and became the world's first inventor of the first electric vehicle.


Of course, although it is the inventor of electric vehicles, in the strict sense it is more like an electric car, not an electric bicycle, so this is not our answer. But inspired by him, 14 years later, Ogden Bolton invented the direct-drive rear-wheel electric bicycle.


Next, at the turn of the 20th century, the rear wheel and belt drive patented by Mathew J. Steffens, electric bicycles, and the “roller rear wheel friction drive electric bicycle” patented by John Schnepf appeared.


Later, Jesse D. Tucker developed the first patented freewheeling motor. This is very important, the motor technology has been upgraded, allowing people to have more imagination and space for the speed and design of electric bicycles. Countries around the world are also continually trying to market them. China, a big bicycle country, is undoubtedly the most successful one. From the invention of the world's first electric bicycle to the national application, it has gone through a long period of history, which was mainly controlled by the economic status of the society, especially in China. At the beginning of the founding of New China, let alone electric bicycles, bicycles are a luxury item. Even the electricity price can be saved by ordinary people. However, with the development of reform and opening up, China urgently needs a travel tool that is both economical and environmentally friendly.


China's first electric bicycle was born in 1985. The Yong Jiu DX-130 electric assist bicycle was the first electric bicycle in China. It used two 12-volt 36-ampere-hour batteries, 180W rare-earth disc motor and medium-mounted reducer drive. Because the controller, charger and battery do not match, etc., it has not been promoted. Until the end of 1996, Shanghai Mayor Xu Kuangdi proposed to concentrate all parties and launch electric vehicles in the bicycle industry as an important aspect of environmental protection during the Shanghai Ninth Five-Year Plan. This news has attracted the attention of all parties and set off a wave of Chinese electric vehicles. In 1995, Shanghai Qianhe Company's 100 trial products were put on the market. In 1997, the company's first electric bicycle was off the assembly line. It adopts the shape of an ordinary bicycle and has 150 or 180 watt hub motors on the front wheels. A 24-volt, 7-ampere-hour lead-acid battery is attached to the battery handle, and a simple electronic controller is placed on the handlebar of the bicycle. The battery can also be recharged about 300 times, 50 kilometers on a single charge, and almost no pollution. In April 1996, Ni Jie bought an electric car and studied it carefully in his 12-square-meter garage. After three months of hard work, he slammed Jinhua's first electric bicycle and tried to ride it successfully. In July 1997, Jinhua Luyuan Electric Vehicle Co., Ltd. was formally established. In January 1998, Vice Premier Li Lanqing visited the Nanjing Continental Pigeon Company to inspect and fully affirmed the mainland pigeon electric bicycle. In 1998, the National Science and Technology Commission issued a certificate for the "Centuo Pigeon" electric bicycle national-level Torch Program project. The mainland pigeon company can be said to be a frequent winner. From 1995 to 2000, China's electric two-wheeler industry started from the "four nos" state of "no technical standards, no supporting systems, no professional talents, no market recognition". It is precisely because of this period of accumulation that the industry has laid the foundation for talents, technology and product research and development in the future. After that, the “ban on motorcycles” in various cities, as well as breakthroughs in key technologies and the performance of electric bicycles, have made electric bicycles a substitute for motorcycles and bicycles, and it is fast, environmentally friendly, convenient and cheap. It also allows more consumers to identify, making the development of the electric industry into a golden period of development. In fact, the golden period of the electric bicycle industry was just the disorderly period of its barbaric growth, which laid a lot of hidden dangers for the subsequent management. Today's new national standard, to a certain extent, is also paying for this.